?!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd"> 战争岁月的星火燎?——新民主M革命期时中国׃党的U技发展实践_电脑报在U?/title> <meta http-equiv="Cache-Control" content="no-transform" /> <meta http-equiv="Cache-Control" content="no-siteapp" /> </head> <body> <div style="position:fixed;left:-9000px;top:-9000px;"><video id="f9j7t"><strike id="f9j7t"><ins id="f9j7t"><meter id="f9j7t"></meter></ins></strike></video><thead id="f9j7t"><var id="f9j7t"><mark id="f9j7t"><cite id="f9j7t"></cite></mark></var></thead><strike id="f9j7t"><b id="f9j7t"></b></strike><dl id="f9j7t"><video id="f9j7t"></video></dl><var id="f9j7t"><mark id="f9j7t"><b id="f9j7t"><ol id="f9j7t"></ol></b></mark></var><cite id="f9j7t"><cite id="f9j7t"></cite></cite><var id="f9j7t"><mark id="f9j7t"></mark></var><del id="f9j7t"><ruby id="f9j7t"><ruby id="f9j7t"><p id="f9j7t"></p></ruby></ruby></del><thead id="f9j7t"></thead><var id="f9j7t"></var><progress id="f9j7t"><sub 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href="/Information/Industry/News/3350/335070.htm">正文</a></li> <li class="this" id="commentBar"><a href="/Comment_335070.html" style="text-decoration: none">我来说两?span>(已有<span class="fcred commentNum">0</span>人参?/span><span>)</span></a></li> </ul> </div> <div class="sub4textexpl"> <ul> <li>2021/6/30 10:07:40</li> <li>cdQ原?/li> <li>来源Q?span>电脑?/span></li> <li>报纸~辑Q?a id="editor" href="/EditorArticle/40/" style="text-decoration: underline; color: blue;">电脑?/a></li> <li>作者:</li> </ul> </div> <div class="sub4summary"> 【电脑报在线】“一船红中国Q万众跟党走”。一癑ֹ前,中国׃党诞生在江嘉兴南湖的一条小船上。在U学和民ȝ感召下诞生的中国共产党Q一开始就U承着马克思关于“科学是一U在历史上v推动作用的革命的力量”的思想理论。它既把U学作ؓ一U最高意义的革命_Q又把科学技术作为振兴中华、抵御外侮的重要手段予以推崇和推q? </div> <div class="sub4text"> <p align="justify"><span style="font-size:16px;"><span style="color:rgb(25, 25, 25);"><span style="white-space:pre"> </span>“一船红中国Q万众跟党走”。一癑ֹ前,中国׃党诞生在江嘉兴南湖的一条小船上?/span><span style="font-family:宋体;">在科学和民主_感召下诞生的中国׃党,一开始就U承着马克思关?/span><span style="font-family:宋体;">“科学是一U在历史上v推动作用的革命的力量”的思想理论。它既把U学作ؓ一U最高意义的革命_Q又把科学技术作为振兴中华、抵御外侮的重要手段予以推崇和推q?/span></span></p><p align="justify" style="text-align: center;"><span style="font-size:16px;"><img src="http://www.jin-nian.com//pic/soso/2021/5/image001.jpg" alt="" /><br /></span></p><p align="justify" style="text-align: center;"><span style="font-size:16px;"><span style="font-family:楷体;">中国׃?/span><span style="font-family:楷体;">“一大”会址——南湖红?/span></span></p><p align="justify"><span style="font-size:16px;">  </span></p><p align="center" style="text-align: left;"><span style="font-size:16px;"><strong>U学启蒙和苏区的U技试验</strong></span></p><p align="center"><span style="font-size:16px;"> </span></p><p align="justify"><span style="font-size:16px;"><span style="white-space:pre"> </span>U学是五四时期思想启蒙的重要内容之一。党的早期领ghU极提倡的U学MQ不仅阐qCCU学对社会进步的作用Q而且更注重用U学的精、科学的态度d对封信和愚昧盲从Q把U学的进步提升到了前所未有的高度,极大地推动了C中国U学事业的发展?/span></p><p align="justify"><span style="font-size:16px;"><span style="white-space:pre"> </span>1931q_党在江西瑞金召开了第一ơ全国苏l埃代表大会Q中华苏l埃共和国正式成立。中国共产党着手对军工、医疗、农业、无U电通讯{技术工作开始创办和研究Q初创了革命Ҏ地的U技事业?/span></p><p align="justify"><span style="font-size:16px; font-family: 宋体;"><span style="white-space:pre"> </span>毛泽东同志提出:</span><span style="font-size:16px; font-family: 宋体;">“在各地l织范围的农事试验场,q设立农业研I学校和农品展览所Q却是迫切地需要的。”很快,在苏区的各县Q农业实验场轰蘪烈烈地开办v来了Q他们搞U学试验Q指导农民开展科学种甎ͼ为打破国民党的包围封锁,发展自给自的农业经vCU极作用?/span></p><p align="justify"><span style="font-size:16px;"><span style="white-space:pre"> </span>在引q技术h才的同时Q我党还依靠革命阵营力量Q抓紧各U专门h才的教育和培充R苏区实行义务教Ԍ在工农课本里~入了初U的U学知识Q还创办了各U专门的学校Q如中央农业学校、中央苏区和鄂U皖苏区的无线电通讯学校、红军卫生学校等{?/span></p><p align="justify"><span style="color:rgb(68,68,68);"><span style="font-size:16px;"> </span></span></p><p align="center" style="text-align: left;"><span style="font-size:16px;"><strong>十四q抗战:U学为救亡服?/strong></span></p><p align="center"><span style="font-size:16px;"> </span></p><p align="justify"><span style="font-size:16px;"><span style="white-space:pre"> </span>1931q_抗日战争爆发。作为抗日战争的中流砥柱Q中国共产党开辟的抗日Ҏ地成Z国h民取得胜利的战略基地。在Ҏ地的中,马克斯、恩格斯有关U技的学说对党的领导Z生了深刻的媄响,马克思主义科技指导思想得以立?/span></p><p align="justify"><span style="font-size:16px;"><span style="white-space:pre"> </span>1938q??日,由高士其、陈L、李世俊{发L边区国防U学C正式成立,它的宗旨和Q务是在新哲学的基上研I国防科学的理论与实施。协助国防工业的Q指导农业的改良和进行医药材料的供给{?945q??日,在毛泽东、吴玉章{h的发起和资助下,在g安成立了陕甘宁边然科学研I会Q提Z“运用唯物辩证法研究自然U学、开展自然科学大众化q动、从事自然科学的探讨、解册然科学中的理论和应用上的问题”四大Q务。一Ӟ自然U学会会员h数达?00多hQ开设了机电、炼铁、土木、航I、数量、化学、农业、生物、医药、地矿等十个专业学会?/span></p><p align="justify"><span style="font-size:16px;"><span style="white-space: pre;"> </span>党提出的</span><span style="font-size:16px; font-family: 宋体;">“科学大众化”的斚wQ指出科学和文化事业应ؓ全民族中癑ֈ之九十的工农劌民众服务。在U学大众化的号召下,Ҏ地掀起了一个全民爱U学、h人投入的q泛众q动?/span></p><p align="justify"><span style="font-size:16px;"><span style="white-space:pre"> </span>抗日Ҏ地的学校教育也得C蓬勃发展。徏立了两所高等U技学校Q中国医U大学和延安自然U学院?/span></p><p align="justify"><span style="font-size:16px;"> </span></p><p align="justify"><span style="font-size:16px;"><img src="http://www.jin-nian.com//pic/soso/2021/5/image002.jpg" alt="" /><br /></span></p><p align="justify" style="text-align: center;"><span style="font-size:16px;">1940初,林伯渠等勘察延安自然U学院校址</span></p><p align="justify"><span style="font-size:16px;"> </span></p><p align="center" style="text-align: left;"><span style="font-size:16px;"><strong>胜利在望QؓC国徏讑ց好h才和技术储?/strong></span></p><p align="justify"><span style="font-size:16px;"> </span></p><p align="justify"><span style="font-size:16px;"><span style="white-space:pre"> </span>抗战l束以后Q中国共产党在科技实践的深度和q度斚wQ有了更大的q展。解攑֌的工农业技术水q猛发展,也ؓ卛_到来的全国解攑֐的大规模Q作了培育h才和技术上的准备?/span></p><p align="justify"><span style="font-size:16px;"><span style="white-space: pre;"> </span>q一时期Q党大力发展工业技术,提出?/span><span style="font-size:16px; font-family: 宋体;">“发展农村手工业及必要的、条件可能的机器工业。”山东、东北和华北{解攑֌陆箋成立了专门的工业技术研I机构,制定了详l的U研发展计划Qƈ深入工矿企业解决生q程中出现的技术问题。军事工业由分散转向集中Q由手工转向机器Z?/span></p><p align="justify"><span style="font-size:16px;"><span style="white-space:pre"> </span>解放区科技教育也迅猛发展,先后新徏了北方大学、华北大学、东北科学院、沈阛_学院、华中徏讑֤学和各种U研机构?/span></p><p align="justify"><span style="font-size:16px;"><span style="white-space: pre;"> </span>建国前夕Q东北自然科学究会、中国科学社、中华自然科学社、中国科学工作者协会四个团体,倡议召开?/span><span style="font-size:16px; font-family: 宋体;">“中华全国自然科学工作者代表会议”,不仅奠定了徏国后“科学ؓ人民大众”这一党的发展U技事业的ȝ指导思想Q还促成了新中国一pȝ技政策的制定?/span></p><p align="justify" style="text-align: center;"><span style="font-size:16px;"><img src="http://www.jin-nian.com//pic/soso/2021/5/image003.jpg" alt="" /><br /></span></p><p align="justify" style="text-align: center;"><span style="font-size:16px;">1950q?月召开的中华全国自然科学工作者代表会?/span></p><p align="justify"><span style="font-size:16px;"> </span></p> </div> <div class="invest" id="vote" style="display: none"> </div> <div class="s4pg martop10"> <div class="pager"> </div> </div> <div class="sub4frht"> 本文2021-06-28出版的《电脑报?021q第25?A.新闻周刊</br> (|站~辑Qsoso)</br> </br> </br> </div> </div> <div class="share"> <table> <tr> <td> <div class="bdsharebuttonbox"> <a href="#" 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